I have been lax in celebrating William Blake’s birthday, which passed by recently, on Nov. 28th. A Londoner almost all of his life, he was born in 1757 and died in 1827, just short of his 70th birthday. He’s best known for The Songs of Innocence and of Experience, and within that, the poem “The Tyger,” and also for an excerpt from his long poem Milton a Poem which was set to music by Hubert Parry in a piece called “Jerusalem” (And did those feet…), a composition used as a school song for many schools around the world also famously covered by Emerson, Lake & Palmer. Selections from “Auguries of Innocence” are found in the Tomb Raider movies, his art in the Hannibal Lecter movies, and his poems are probably used for lyrics by contemporary musicians more than any other poet from any time. There are book-length lists of Blake poems set to music.
I didn’t learn about Blake in school, however — I learned of him when I heard the song “William Blake,” which was written by Terry Scott Taylor for the band Daniel Amos on their Vox Humana album. Hearing that song was enough to get me to rush to — remember these? — a B. Dalton Bookseller, where I picked up a copy of the Viking Portable Blake. That started me on a journey that took me through graduate school, a dissertation, my first book, and then two Rock and Romanticism books. But it was all about music and literature from the beginning, not just the stuff they make you read in school, as it was for Blake himself, who originally sang many of those poems at dinner parties to his own original musical compositions. He was said to have a good singing voice, and scholars of music notated his compositions at the time, though those are lost to us now. Roy Starling was my first instructor in Romanticism, and he made Romantic poetry come alive for me, as he did all the literature he taught to all of his students at the college and high school levels.
I chose Blake because I wanted a subject of study that I could attend to for twenty years without getting bored, and he has not disappointed. In addition to my own writing about Blake, I was also privileged to work with Michael Phillips on three occasions for Blake printmaking demonstrations, one of these resulting in an exhibit at Rollins College and another in an exhibit curated by Lee Fearnside that consisted of contemporary artists inspired by Blake alongside Phillips’s own reproductions of Blake’s work through his reproduction of his printmaking methods.
And Blake has informed and inspired my own creative work — following in his footsteps I’m working on my own reworking of Milton’s Paradise Lost as a steampunk western as well as assorted collections of my own poetry. We will see where it all leads, but I remain grateful for what Blake has meant to me.
I should end this with Blake’s own words…
And did those feet in ancient time
Walk upon Englands mountains green:
And was the holy Lamb of God,
On Englands pleasant pastures seen!
And did the Countenance Divine,
Shine forth upon our clouded hills?
And was Jerusalem builded here,
Among these dark Satanic Mills?
Bring me my Bow of burning gold:
Bring me my arrows of desire:
Bring me my Spear: O clouds unfold!
Bring me my Chariot of fire!
I will not cease from Mental Fight,
Nor shall my sword sleep in my hand:
Till we have built Jerusalem,
In Englands green & pleasant Land.
7 thoughts on “My Blakean Life”
A book on Blake that might be unfamiliar to some of your readers is “Witness Against the Beast: William Blake and the Moral Law” (New York: The New Press, 1993) by the peerless British historian, Edward Thompson (1924-1993).
Anyone curious about Blake’s connection to Ludowick Muggleton (and Thompson’s light-hearted claim to be a “Muggletonian Marxist”) might treat a comment on the book from the William Blake Archive as an invitation to read Thompson’s book. It’s available online at http://bq.blakearchive.org/28.2.paley
Great hearing from you, Howard. Thompson is very well known among Romanticists, and The Making of the English Working Class was required reading for my exams. I’ve read Witness Against the Beast as well.
Thompson is great, and the book is still valuable as a general study of Blake’s reflection of the dissenting community during his time, but his Muggletonian thesis, as he admitted, was unsupported by any archival evidence, and it’s now been disproven by archival evidence. Blake’s parents were Moravian and in attendance at Zinzendorf’s meetings in London at the same time that the Wesleys were there. You might follow up on Keri Davies and Marsha Schuchard’s work in this area. Keri Davies is on LinkedIn and has posted his original articles there for free download. The archives consist of meeting records that were kept in, of all places, Bethlehem PA at the Moravian community there.
One of my favourite “academic” times was a week at Rutgers in 1973 when he and Eric Hobsbawm and other leftish heavy-weights gave papers at an international labour studies conference – I still recall his mane of white hair! The results were published the next Summer in “The Journal of Social History.”
As for Muggletonian Marxism, it’s still a great story … and it should be true.
Ha the Moravians were a rowdy bunch themselves :). I published a chapter on Blake/Kierkegaard/ and the Moravians in Kierkegaard, Literature, and the Arts. The connections are interesting. Zinzendorf viewed himself as a Socratic/ironic figure.
I shall pursue the matter … after starting chemo for leukemia in 2015 and undergoing heart surgery in 2017, I have been pretty much absent … just as I was doing a Phil Ochs piece for you as I recall.
Anyway, I’ve back to what passes for normal (I am now officially a cyborg with a heart that’s part human, part cow, and part metal and the CML is in remission … so, happy times!). Looking forward to doing lots of reading and a fair amount of writing in an effort to catch up.
I am so happy to hear about the positive turn in your health, and believe me, I was indeed disappointed you couldn’t submit a chapter for Rock and Romanticism. Future projects await, though :).
It would be a pleasure!